Do you suffer from breast pain?  This is everything you need to know about breast disorders

Do you suffer from breast pain? This is everything you need to know about breast disorders

Do you suffer from breast pain?  This is everything you need to know about breast disorders

Whether it’s pain, lumps, or discharge, women can go through multiple breast-related issues. It is well known that not all lumps that can be found in the breast are cancerous in nature, and some of them can also be benign breast lumps. The important thing is that we know about these breast disorders.

Most breast diseases span a spectrum of benign and malignant disorders. Whatever the breast disorder, the key goal of evaluation and examination is primarily to rule out the possibilities of cancer and address symptoms.

breast painYou should be able to recognize any differences in the health of your breasts. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

The evaluation requirement varies depending on the patient’s age, type of clinical problem, and risk factors.

Types of breast disorders:

1. Breast pain

Breast pain is one of the most common breast disorders for which women consult a doctor. Breast cancer awareness and concern about mastalgia is the main reason for the increase in people acknowledging the problem. Breast pain related to mastalgia is common in pre- and postmenopausal women and is a rare symptom of breast cancer. One needs to assess breast pain through physical examination. Most breast pain is associated with the menstrual cycle and is intense just before periods. Breast pain should be treated and cared for very seriously.

2. Breast masses:

It is often difficult to determine what constitutes a dominant mass, especially in women just before menopause. It is characterized by observing how persistent it is throughout the menstrual cycle. The masses may be discrete or poorly defined, differing in character from other breast tissues. The diagnosis of a dominant mass can be of different types, including fat necrosis, macrocyst, fibroadenoma, prominent areas of fibrocystic changes, or even cancer. Breast masses can be of two types, cystic breast mass and solid breast mass. It becomes very important to consult the doctor if any kind of lump is found in and around the breast.

nipple dischargeBreast disorders can be of different types. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

3. Nipple discharge:

Most often it is due to a benign process. It is a common breast problem that has been reported in approximately 15 percent of women with benign breast disease and 4 percent of women with breast cancer. Evaluation of nipple discharge is done to determine if the discharge is physiologic or pathologic. Physiological discharges can be characterized only by compression and by multiple affectations. And these are mostly bilateral. And, if the discharge is spontaneous, or associated with a mass, it can be classified as pathological. These are unilateral and confined to one duct. Either way, the discharge can be light, white, yellow, or dark green in color.

Evaluation of breast disorders:

Doctors ask about the symptoms you have or the causes of any type of breast disorder. If there is a lump in the breast, any thickness, change in size or shape, or redness may be symptoms. One needs to know how to assess or test oneself:

Breast exam:

This can be done on your own or the doctor will do the test. One can do a self-examination. While you shower or get dressed, look at your breasts and check for any changes in size or shape. Or clasp your hands behind your head and hold them tight. This helps notice any cancer-related changes. Or place your hands firmly on your hips, and push your shoulders and elbows forward, check for any change in shape or contour. If any change is found, consult the doctor and explain it to the doctor.

If the doctor finds any changes, the person may be asked to have a mammogram, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). What would help to have a clear idea of ​​the growth or change in shape or size in the breasts. The test checks for breast abnormalities and evaluates abnormalities that were identified, such as lumps.

Also read: Detect breast cancer early with the help of a self-exam

breast cancerPrevention is better than cure. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock

How to prevent breast disorders

Breast disorders can be prevented primarily by exercising, living a healthy lifestyle, doing regular breast self-exams, and getting regular mammograms. If the person notices lumps, changes in the size or shape of the breasts, it is recommended to see a doctor immediately and get checked out. The individual needs to explain all the symptoms and pains in detail to the doctor so that the doctor has a clear idea of ​​what the person is going through.


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